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Cuts, scrapes (abrasions), and puncture wounds facts |
Washing a cut or scrape with soap, and water and keeping it clean and dry is all that is required to care for most wounds.
Cleaning the wound with hydrogen peroxide and iodine is acceptable initially, but can delay healing and should be avoided long-term.
Apply antibiotic ointment and keep the wound covered.
Seek medical care within 6 hours if the affected person thinks they might need stitches.
A delay can increase the rate of wound infection.
Any puncture wound through tennis shoes or sneakers has a high risk of infection and should be seen by a doctor.
Any redness, swelling, increased pain, fever, red streaking, or pus draining from the wound may indicate an infection that requires medical care.
What is the best first aid for a cut or scrape?
6pes (abrasions) is to stop the bleeding. Most wounds respond to direct pressure with a clean cloth or bandage. Hold the pressure continuously for approximately 10 to 20 minutes. If this fails to stop the bleeding or if bleeding is rapid, seek medical assistance.
Next, thoroughly clean the wound with soap and water. Remove any foreign material in the wound, such as dirt, or bits of grass, which may lead to infection. Tweezers can be used (clean them with alcohol first) to remove foreign material from the wound edges, but do not dig into the wound as this may push bacteria deeper into the wound or injure subcutaneous (under the skin) structures. The wound may also be gently scrubbed with a washcloth to remove dirt and debris. Hydrogen peroxide and povidone-iodine (Betadine) products may be used to clean the wound initially, but may inhibit wound healing if used long-term.
Cover the area with a bandage (such as gauze or a Band-Aid) to help prevent infection and dirt from getting in the wound. A first aid antibiotic ointment (Bacitracin, Neosporin, Polysporin) can be applied to help prevent infection and keep the wound moist.
Continued care to the wound is also important. Three times a day, wash the area gently with soap and water, apply an antibiotic ointment, and re-cover with a bandage. Change the bandage immediately if it gets dirty or wet.
Watch for Signs of Infection
If the wound isnt healing or you notice any of these signs of infection, call your doctor right away:
Redness, swelling, and warmth Increasing pain Pus or drainage from the cut Temperature over 100 F Red streaks around the wound
When to Call the Doctor
Most minor cuts and abrasions dont need a doctor's care. But call your doctor if:
The wound is on your face. The edges of the cut are jagged or gape open, the cut is deep (1/4 inch or more), or you can see fat or muscle. These are signs that you may need stitches. You can't get all of the dirt or debris out of the wound, or the wound was caused by something very dirty or rusty. You have a puncture wound or a deep cut and haven't had a tetanus shot in the past 5 years. The wound is from an animal or human bite. The injured area feels numb.
If the affected person has been immunized, he or she will need a booster shot if they have not had one within 10 years (if it is a very dirty wound or occurs in a tetanus prone area, they will need a booster within five years). If affected person has never had a tetanus shot, or if their series is incomplete (fewer than three shots), they might need tetanus immunoglobulin, a medication that can prevent lockjaw.